3 John. That St. John took such a voyage Michaelis thinks probable; "for since Corinth lay almost opposite to Ephesus, and St. John, from his former occupation, before he became an apostle, was accustomed to the sea, it is not improbable that the journey or voyage which he proposed to make was from Ephesus to Corinth.". If he went by land, he must traverse a great part of Asia, go through Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, and down through Greece, to the Morea, a most tedious and difficult journey. Commentary on 3 John James Rosscup - Gill (1697–1771), a pastor of England, wrote these which are two-column pages, ca. 3 John 1:1-15 NRSV Large Print Commentary. Teacher Study Hints for Thinking Further. "the beloved" This is characteristic of John's letters (cf. 1:14; Acts 19:29, 20:4). Thou hast acted as the faith - the Christian religion, required thee to act, in all that thou hast done, both to the brethren at home, and to the strangers - the itinerant evangelists, who, in the course of their travels, have called at thy house. We therefore ought to receive such - Those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, and have professed the truth at the hazard of their lives, and the loss of all their worldly substance. (II John 1:5, 13) 3. Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. - Ditto, Greek text. John 7:53 [The earliest manuscripts and many other ancient witnesses do not have John 7:53—8:11. supply αν after εγραψα, and several judicious critics believe it is implied, the translation will run thus: I would have written to the Church to receive these men kindly, but Diotrephes, who affects the presidency; and into whose hands, if I wrote to the Church, my letter must come, receiveth us not - would not acknowledge my authority to interfere with any of the matters of his Church; and therefore I have written unto thee, whose love to the brethren and general hospitality are well known, that thou wouldst receive those strangers and persecuted followers of our common Lord. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. He commends him for his steadiness in the truth, and his general hospitality, especially to the itinerant evangelists, 3 John 1:3-8. have ὑπολαμβανειν, to take up, undertake for, or kindly receive. Taking nothing of the Gentiles - Receiving no emolument for their labor, but in every respect showing themselves to be truly disinterested. 3 John 1-8 Bible Study with Discussion Questions, Teaching Points, and Cross References. Excuses himself from writing more fully, and proposes to pay him a visit shortly, 3 John 1:13, 3 John 1:14. See Mark 5:13, Mark 7:29; : The devil is gone out of thy daughter, εξεληλυθε, is Expelled. The well-beloved Gaius - Γαιος Gaius, is the Greek mode of writing the Roman name Caius; and thus it should be rendered in European languages. Even as thy soul prospereth - John had learned, it would seem, from the “brethren” who had come to him, 3 John 1:3, that Gaius was living as became a Christian; that he was advancing in the knowledge of the truth, and was exemplary in the duties of the Christian life; and he prays that in all other respects he might be prospered as much as he was in that. This and the preceding epistle both read over in reference to a new edition, Jan. 3rd, 1832. This appears to be the meaning of neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth them out of the Church. - A. C. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Which have borne witness of thy charity -. of The truth that is in thee - The soundness of thy faith and the depth of thy religion. There are three ways that we can use the word ‘*elder’. I had many things to write - That is, I have many things that I might write; but having the hope of seeing thee shortly, I will not commit them to paper. 3 For o this is the love of God , that we p keep his commandments . Chapter 1. I have already shown in the preface to those epistles termed catholic, that the word καθολικος is not to be taken here, and elsewhere in these epistles, as signifying universal, but canonical; for it would be absurd to call an epistle universal that was written to a private individual. This also is a private letter written, some time after First John, to his personal friend, Gaius. Meyer's NT Commentary. But it has been the lot both of the minor prophets and the minor epistles to be generally neglected; for with many readers bulk is every thing; and, no magnitude no goodness. Let a certain class of religious people, who will find themselves out when they read this note, consider whether, when their preachers have ministered to them their certain or stated time, and are called to go and serve other Churches, they send them forth in a manner worthy of God, making a reasonable provision for the journey which they are obliged to take. Mark 9:29; : This kind can come forth by nothing εν ουδενι δυναται εξελθειν, can be Driven Out by nothing, but by prayer and fasting. 3 John. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. I wrote unto the Church - The Church where Caius was; but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the pre-eminence, φιλοπρωτευων, who loves the presidency, or chief place in the Church. The third of John. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-general-epistles/third-john Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. There was some confusion about receiving certain evangelists. Both were itinerant evangelists. Audience. 3 John 1:2-4. Salem Media Group. So it should be still in the mission and itinerant ministry. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers. (Read 3 John 1:1-8) Those who are beloved of Christ, will love the brethren for his sake. - Arabic. This haughty and unfeeling man would give no countenance to the converted Gentiles; so far from it, that he would not receive any of them himself, forbade others to do it, and excommunicated those who had been received into the Church by the apostles. The probability of this Caius being the same with the Corinthian Caius has suggested the thought that this epistle was sent to Corinth; and consequently that the second epistle was sent to some place in the neighborhood of that city. 3 John Overcoming the World 5 k Everyone who believes that l Jesus is the Christ has been born of God , and m everyone who loves the Father loves whoever has been born of him . A rich soul may be lodged in a weak body; and grace must then be exercised in submitting to such a dispensation. 3 John 1-8. The reading above referred to is that of the most ancient and reputable MSS. and Vatican. All rights reserved. But some construe εξηλθον, they went out, with απο των εθνων, from the Gentiles, or rather by the Gentiles, and give the passage this sense: They went out, i.e., were driven out by the Gentiles, taking nothing with them, i.e., leaving all their property behind, so that they were in a state of great destitution. The Third Epistle of St. John the apostle is ended. The three epistles of John are surely the work of one man and most scholars conclude that it is John the apostle. He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Exhorts Caius to avoid his example, and to follow what is good, 3 John 1:11. And yet the epistle contains many excellent sentiments, which, if judiciously handled, might be very useful to the Church of God. And lastly, there is the Caius who is mentioned here, and who is thought by some critics to be different from all the above; for, in writing to him, St. John ranks him among his children, which seems, according to them, to intimate that he was converted by this apostle. ἔγραψά τι τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ] The τι, which according to the authorities is probably genuine, does not serve, as Lücke rightly remarks, to intensify = “something important,” but rather to weaken = “something, a little.”. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading 1-3 John (Baker Exegetical Commentary on … Third John The Tyndale Commentary introduces this epistle as follows: “Like the second letter, the third is brief enough to have been written on a single sheet of papyrus. εξερχομαι . Commentary on John 3:22-36 (Read John 3:22-36) John was fully satisfied with the place and work assigned him; but Jesus came on a more important work. Receiveth us not - Does not acknowledge the apostolical authority. Instead of απολαμβανειν, to receive, the most ancient and reputable MSS. Our friends salute thee - Desire to be affectionately remembered to thee. Fellow helpers to the truth - And thus encourage the persecuted, and contribute to the spread and maintenance of the Gospel. To my dear friend Gaius, whom I love in the truth. 1, 2, and 3 John. Notice of Diotrephes. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 3 John 1:1-15 NRSV Commentary. To hear that my children - From this it has been inferred that Caius was one of St. John's converts, and consequently not the Corinthian Caius, who was converted, most probably, by St. Paul. For whatever profession any man may make, it will ever appear that he who doeth good is of God - he alone is the person who uses rightly the grace received from God, and he alone shall enjoy the Divine approbation; While he that doeth evil - He who is unfeeling, unmerciful, unkind, hath not seen God - has no proper knowledge of that God whose Name is mercy, and whose Nature is love. - Syriac Philoxenian. Bible Commentaries /. Let all Churches, all congregations of Christians, from whom their ministers and preachers can claim nothing by law, and for whom the state makes no provision, lay this to heart; let them ask themselves, Do we deal with these in a manner worthy of God, and worthy of the profession we make? I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. If I come, I will remember - I will show him the authority which, as an apostle of Jesus Christ, I possess. Thou doest faithfully - Πιστον ποιεις . The Third Epistle of John the apostle is ended. As some MSS. There is not a word here about the pilgrims and penitential journeys which the papists contrive to bring out of this text. Author. That to be driven out or expelled is one scriptural meaning of the verb εξερχομαι, see Matthew 8:32; : And when they were come out, οἱ δε εξελθοντεσς, and when they were Driven Out. Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission See another Chart from Swindoll Click to enlarge. He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. The prayer of St. John for Caius includes three particulars: When the brethren came - Probably the same of whom he speaks in the fifth ( 3 John 1:5;) and following verses, and who appear to have been itinerant evangelists. The epistle called 3 John concerns three individuals, and in this letter the apostle John sends an essential message to each of them: Gaius. Summary of The Book of 3 John. This Pillar commentary seeks to clearly explain the meaning of John's letters to teachers, pastors, and general readers looking for a reliable resource for personal study. For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou … There is a man named Gaius, to whom this letter is written; another man named Diotrephes, and a third individual named Demetrius. Prosperity in secular affairs. Speaks of the bad conduct of Diotrephes; his abuse of his power in the Church; and his slander of the apostles, 3 John 1:9, 3 John 1:10. 3 John 1:9-10. Presented here is a verse by verse exposition of the New Testament. "Gaius" There has been much discussion as to whether Gaius or Diotrephes is the pastor of this local church. He also wrote Body of Divinity, 3 volumes, and several other volumes. Best Commentaries on 3 John. Bible /. The elder - See on the first verse of the preceding epistle ( 2 John 1:1; (note), and also the preface. Author: The Book of 3 John does not directly name its author. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 2 n By this we know that we love the children of God , when we love God and obey his commandments . Commends Demetrius, 3 John 1:12. Bible Commentaries /. This is a proof to me that this epistle was not sent to Corinth, where it is not likely John ever was; and where it is not likely he had any particular acquaintances, unless we could suppose he had seen some of them when he was an exile in Patmos, an island in the Aegean Sea. John 3 Commentary. Matthew 12:43; : When the unclean spirit is gone out, εξελθη, is Driven Out. Above all things — Or, with respect to all things, as περι παντων rather signifies; that thou mayest prosper and be in health — Namely, of body; even as, I doubt not, thy soul prospereth — In faith, love, and every virtue. 3 John /. 1-3 John (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament) - Kindle edition by Yarbrough, Robert W.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Beloved, I wish — Or, I pray, as ευχομαι is translated by Beza, Estius, Erasmus, Schmidius, Doddridge, and others. He was doubtless an officer in the Church, at least a deacon, probably a bishop; and, being one, he magnified himself in his office; he loved such eminence, and behaved himself haughtily in it. by Karen H. Jobes. John 3 - In-depth verse-by-verse Bible study and commentary of John chapter 3 in plain English. Demetrius hath good report - Perhaps another member of the Church where Caius was; or he might have been one of those whom the apostle recommends to Caius; or, possibly, the bearer of this letter from John to Caius. The addressee’s name, Gaius, was a very common one in the Roman Empire and it is highly unlikely that the person addressed here is the same Gaius associated with Paul (Rom 16:23; 1 Cor. In this epistle the apostle congratulates Gaius upon the prosperity of his soul ( v. 1, v. 2 ), upon the fame he had among good Christians ( v. 3, v. 4 ), and upon his charity and hospitality to the servants of Christ ( v. 5, v. 6 ). Book Overview - 3 John by Arend Remmers. Diotrephes. Now as the apostle promises, both in the second and in this epistle, to see the persons shortly to whom he wrote, I take it for granted that they could not have lived at Corinth, or anywhere in the vicinity of that city. But the apostle might use the term children here as implying those who were immediately under his pastoral care, and, being an old man, he had a right to use such terms in addressing his juniors both in age and grace; and there is much both of propriety and dignity in the appellation coming from such a person. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Follow not that which is evil - Μμ μιμου το κακον· Do not imitate that wicked man, i.e., the conduct of Diotrephes; be merciful, loving, and kind. Learn more. Which have borne witness of thy charity - Of thy love and benevolence. Commending Christian Hospitality. Luke 8:2; : Mary Magdalene; out of whom went, αφ 'ἡς δαιμονια ἑπτα εξεληλυθει, out of whom were Cast, seven demons. (I John 4:1-3) b. StudyLıght .org . The Third catholic Epistle of John the evangelist and divine. 1. But I think the distance between Ephesus, where St. John resided, and Corinth, was too considerable for such an aged man as St. John is represented to be to travel, whether by land or water. Commentary on 3 John 1:1-8. He heard that Gaius had been walking in the truth, and testified that his greatest joy was found in his children’s walking in the truth. Prating against us - Diotrephes might have been a converted Jew, who was unwilling that the Gentiles should be received into the Church; or a Judaizing Christian, who wished to incorporate the law with the Gospel, and calumniated the apostles who taught otherwise. He had the complete dog in the manger principle: he would neither do, nor let do; and when good was done that he did not approve, he endeavored to undo it. 3 John 1. Whom if thou bring forward - If thou continue to assist such, as thou hast done, thou shalt do well. The apostle's address to Caius, and his good wishes for his prosperity in body and soul, 3 John 1:1, 3 John 1:2. Before the Church - The believers at Ephesus; for to this Church the apostle seems to refer. After a godly sort - Αξιως του Θεου· Worthy of God; and in such a way as he can approve. Book List. 900–1,000 pages per volume, Originally they were 9 volumes, folio. Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born … Go To 3 John Index Title: The epistle’s title is “3 John”. It could meanthat the person was old. He also knew that Jesus would increase in honour and influence, for of his government and peace there would be no … These three men are like three kinds of Christians found in the church in any age. Again, as in 2 John, the author refers to himself as the elder. Audio Edition with New International Version. 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well.3 It gave me great joy when some believers(B)came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. Proud member 3 and 2 John present the closest approximation in the New Testament to the conventional letter form of the contemporary Greco-Roman world, since they were addressed from an individual to individuals. There have been occasional doubts raised by those who thought it possible that this was written by another disciple of the Lord named John, but all the evidence points to the author as John the beloved disciple who also wrote the … Several persons of the name of Caius occur in the New Testament. - Codd. New Revised Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 3 John 1:1-15. These three things, so necessary to the comfort of life, every Christian may in a certain measure expect, and for them every Christian is authorized to pray; and we should have more of all three if we devoutly prayed for them. False teachers had infiltrated the church denying the divinity of Jesus Christ. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. a. Audio Edition 3 John 1:1-15 NIV Commentary. A. Instead of φιλοι and φιλους, friends, the Codex Alexandrinus and several others read αδελφοι and αδελφους, brethren. He seems to have been an excellent person: all testified of his righteousness; the truth - Christianity, itself bore testimony to him; and the apostles themselves added theirs also. A few manuscripts include these verses, wholly or in part, after John 7: 3 6, John 21:25, Luke 21: 3 … a. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in … ). 2 John. Alex. The third of John to Caius concerning Demetrius, of whom he witnesses the most excellent things. 3 John 1, Adam Clarke Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. (5-8) Jesus explains the new birth. It is not very common that a man is more prospered in his … Chapter 1. Sometimes, and on some special occasions, this may be necessary; but the laborer is worthy of his hire is the maxim of the author of Christianity. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 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